Leo en el NYTimes que ha fallecido Arthur C. Danto, el que probablemente ha sido uno de los filósofos del arte más influyente de las últimas décadas. Buen momento para leer algunas de sus obras como homenaje.
Copio aquí un fragmento del artículo del NYTimes:
Mr. Danto’s notion of the art world inspired what came to be known as the Institutional Theory of Art, an idea developed most fully by the philosopher George Dickie in the 1970s and that remains widely influential on thinking about the nature of contemporary art.
Mr. Danto also came to believe that in the contemporary world, no single style could dominate, as Abstract Expressionist painting had done in the 1950s. Pluralism would be the new order.
This led him to proclaim the end of art history. By this he meant not that people would stop making art, but that the idea of art progressing and evolving over time along one clear path, as it seemed to have done from the Renaissance through the late 19th century and into the first post-World War II decade, could no longer be supported by art of the late 20th century. After the ’60s, art had splintered and gone off in a multitude of directions, from Photorealist painting to the most abstruse forms of Conceptualism.
But if so many different kinds of things could be viewed as art, what if anything did they have in common? The common denominator, Mr. Danto concluded, was meaning, and that led him to propose that the art of our time was mainly animated by philosophy. Artworks in the Postmodern era could be viewed as thought experiments about such problems as the relationship between representation and reality; knowledge and belief; photography and truth; and the definition of art itself.